MIGRATION TRENDS AND POLICIES: A REVIEW OF AFRICAN AND USA PERSPECTIVES

Authors

  • Chidiogo Uzoamaka Akpuokwe Independent Researcher, Seattle, Washington State, USA
  • Nkechi Emmanuella Eneh Department of Public Law, University of Cape, Town South Africa
  • Adekunle Oyeyemi Adeniyi Adekunle Oyeyemi Adeniyi
  • Seun Solomon Bakare Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Faculty of Law, Leiden University, Netherlands

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51594/ijarss.v6i3.851

Abstract

Migration is a global phenomenon that significantly shapes the demographic, economic, and social landscapes of nations. This Review provides a concise overview of the migration trends and policies in Africa and the United States, exploring commonalities, differences, and the implications for both regions. In the African context, migration is a multifaceted process influenced by economic, political, and environmental factors. The continent experiences both voluntary economic migration and forced displacement due to conflicts and environmental challenges. This review delves into the diversity of migration policies across African nations, highlighting the tension between regional integration and the need for border controls. The African Union's role in shaping continental migration policies is examined, emphasizing the importance of balancing economic interests with humanitarian considerations. The United States, historically a destination for immigrants, has a complex immigration system shaped by changing societal needs and political landscapes. This Review outlines the various forms of migration to the U.S., including family reunification, employment-based immigration, and asylum-seeking. The dynamic interplay between federal regulations and state-level initiatives contributes to a nuanced policy framework. This review explores the historical evolution of U.S. immigration policies, from periods of openness to more restrictive measures based on economic conditions and security concerns. Comparatively analyzing migration trends and policies in Africa and the USA reveals common themes such as economic aspirations, geopolitical influences on forced migration, and the importance of comprehensive policy frameworks. Recognizing migration as a shared global challenge underscores the need for collaborative approaches. This Review emphasizes the significance of international cooperation to address the root causes of migration, promote economic development, and safeguard the rights of migrants. In conclusion, this Review encapsulates the intricate dynamics of migration in Africa and the USA. By understanding the shared challenges and embracing collaborative solutions, nations can work towards creating more inclusive, humane, and sustainable migration policies that benefit individuals and societies on a global scale.

Keywords: Perspectives, Policies, USA, Africa, Migration, Review.

Published

2024-03-08

Issue

Section

Articles